Sweden (Denmark)

Swedish Knife Bayonet for the M/1896 Rifle

The Swedish knife bayonet for the M/1896 Mauser rifle, was produced in 65 years (from 1899 to 1964), maybe making it to the most common bayonet in Scandinavia. Not less than 665,000 bayonets was produced, and the bayonet was still in use in the 1990th.

Eskilstuna Jernmanufactur AB 1899 - 1912
Carl Gustaf StadFra 1913
E.A.Berg AB

M/1896 with frog for officers

In 1905, it was made some small changes to the bayonet design. This changes is used to separate the bayonet into two main types of M/1896 bayonets, one before and one after these changes.

M/1896 early type

M/1896 later type

The earliest type of M/1896 bayonet, have more refined details than the later. But the easiest difference to notice, is that the button at the top of the bayonet, used to release the bayonet from the firearm, is flat. On later bayonets this button is conical. Also there are differences in the edge of the blade. Sometimes you can find old type bayonets where the button has been replaced with the new type of button.

Tidlig typeNy type

Late type M/1896 in scabbard

The bayonet was in addition to being used with the M/1896 rifle, also used for the M/1938 rifle and the semiautomatic M/1942 rifle.

The entire bayonet is made in steel both grip, blade and scabbard. There is a number of frogs for the M/1896 bayonets.

The picture show a locking clips, that was used for this bayonet. This clip was used to secure the bayonet to the scabbard, something that was useful to reduce the risk of injuries during bayonet drills.

Chromed M/1896 with locking clips. From time to time you can find chromed M/1896 bayonets. Chromed bayonets with regimental stamps have probably chromed at a later time. Chromed bayonet without (trace of) regiment stamps, might have been chromed at the factory. This are often bayonets of the early type.

During the tense military situation between Norway and Sweden in 1905, it was issued an order to sharpen the bayonets. Therefor many of the earliest bayonet have had their egde sharpened.

Danish use

During WWII the Danish Brigade in Sweden was issued M/1896 and M/1938 rifles with bayonets. In the years before 1950 the Danish Army retrieved about 40,000 of these firearms and bayonets.

M/1896 early type marked with U (on cross-guard and scabbard). Bayonets marked this was was intended for commercial sale.